Author Guidelines

Journal Editorial Policies      

Research Articles, Review Articles, and Case Studies submitted to the International Journal of Essential Sciences (IJES) should neither be published previously nor be under consideration for publication in another journal. The journal considers all original research manuscripts provided that the work reports scientifically sound experiments and provides important new information. Papers submitted to the International Journal of Essential Sciences are typically peer-reviewed in a double-blind manner. Information such as peer review reports, referee reports, and other correspondence relating to accepted papers are kept confidential and not made public.

Articles: Original research manuscripts. The quality and impact of the study were studied during peer review. 

Review: These provide concise and precise updates on the latest progress made in each area of research. 

Case Studies: IJES publishes case reports detailing the result and inferences of a single project in any field. Authors should set the case in context and describe the case as fully as possible. Also, draw conclusions that will be of relevance to others.

Being a corresponding author implies full responsibility for the article’s content and that the work conforms to our editorial policies. The corresponding author is responsible for the approval of the authors of the research article before the submission of the final version of the research article. All authors should have made a significant contribution to the work and agree to be accountable for the parts of the work, they had done. 

Research Article should comprise: 

• Front matter: Title, Author list, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords 

• Research manuscript sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions (optional).

• Back matter: Supplementary Materials, Acknowledgments, Author Contributions, Conflicts of Interest, References.

Formatting your Article

At first submission, authors should submit their manuscript in the DOC formats in English. Microsoft Word documents should not be locked or protected. Full experimental details like methodology and dataset must be provided so that the results can be reproduced. IJES has no restrictions on word count, the number of figures or the amount of supporting information till the text is concise and complete. Abbreviations should be used only when necessary and should be defined when they are first used. SI units should be used throughout.

Research article text should be double-spaced in Times New Roman, font size 12. Do not format text in multiple columns. Footnotes are not permitted. If your manuscript contains footnotes, move the information into the main text or the reference list, depending on the content.

Title Page

Your article title should be a summary of the research you are reporting. All the words in the title of the research article must be capitalized. For clinical trials, systematic reviews, or meta-analyses, the subtitle should include the study design. 


The abstract should be no more than 300 words long and should not include any references, abbreviations, or acronyms that are not explained. Your abstract should be brief and informative, and it should stand alone. The article’s overall scope, as well as the main results and conclusions, should be summarised. Please make sure that your abstract contains all possible search terms, as indexers only look at the title and abstract of articles. It is preferable if all your keywords are in the abstract.


Include at least 3 or up to 8 keywords below the abstract. Think about the words you would use to search online for articles on the same topic. They often make the best keywords. Keywords do not necessarily need to be a single word. Keywords can also be short phrases or terms that are easily recognized by researchers.

The main body of Articles: 

The main text of your article should be split into clearly labelled sections. Usually, these will be background, methods, results, discussion, and conclusions. However, please feel free to use whatever headings and subheadings best suit your article. Abbreviations should be written in full on first use.

Figures and Tables

All figures and tables should be numbered and referred to in the text by their number. Figure and table captions should be provided within the manuscript, brief and informative, and include any relevant copyright information, if taken from another published source. The figures and tables will be resized to fit the page and text styles and labelling will be updated in line with our house style. Tables must be provided in an editable format at the final submission. Colour figures are encouraged. All figures will be published in colour online but will be reproduced in black and white in print versions of the journal. If you believe that coloured print is required, for any of your figures in the article, please mention it clearly while submitting your article. Please keep in mind that, due to the high cost of colour printing, the editor makes the final decision on colour usage.


We recommend using MathType for display and inline equations. If this is not possible Equation Editor or Microsoft’s Insert→Equation function is acceptable. Do not use MathType, Equation Editor, or the Insert→Equation function for only a portion of an equation. Equations should not contain a mix of different equation tools. Avoid “hybrid” inline or display equations, in which part is text, part is MathType, and part is Equation Editor.

Results, Discussion, Conclusions

These sections can be combined to form a mixed Results/Discussion section. As needed, these sections can be subdivided into subsections, each with a concise subheading. These sections should describe the results of the experiments, their interpretation, and any conclusions that can be drawn. Authors should explain how the findings relate to the hypothesis presented as the study’s foundation and provide a clear explanation of the implications of the findings, particularly about the previous related studies and potential future research directions.


Those who contributed to the work but do not meet our authorship criteria should be listed in the Acknowledgments with a description of the contribution. The authors are responsible for ensuring that everybody named in the Acknowledgments has given their permission to be mentioned.


A reference citation is a document needed to make your paper acceptable for academic purposes. It gives authoritative sources for your statements, helps the reader gain access to those sources, and acknowledges the fact that the information used in a paper did not originate with the writer. American Psychological Association (APA) style uses the author/date method of citation in which the author’s last name and the year of the publication are inserted in the actual text of the paper. It is the style recommended by the APA.

Author Names and Affiliations

Enter author names on the title page of the manuscript and in the online submission system. On the title page, write author names in the following order:

First author name, Second author name, Third author name, & More authors

Each author on the list must have an affiliation. The affiliation includes department, university, or organisational affiliation and its location, including city, state/province (if applicable), and country. 

Corresponding Author: The submitting author is automatically designated as the corresponding author in the submission system. The corresponding author is the primary contact for the journal office and the only author able to view or change the manuscript while it is under editorial consideration. The corresponding author role may be transferred to another coauthor. However, note that transferring the corresponding author role also transfers access to the manuscript. 

Conflict of Interest

A conflict of interest is a situation in which financial or other personal considerations from authors or reviewers have the potential to compromise or bias professional judgment and objectivity. International Journal of Essential Sciences is committed to transparency in areas of potential conflict of interest. We encourage our journal and editors to publish and regularly review policies on Conflict of Interest as they relate to authors, editors, and peer reviewers. Authors and reviewers should declare all conflicts of interest relevant to the work under consideration to avoid the potential for bias.

International Journal of Essential Sciences Ethics

Research on humans or human tissues will require a statement detailing ethical approval. Please also detail whether informed consent was obtained and by whom. If your study uses animals please include details of the ethical approval received, including the name of the committee that approved and the number of the license/approval received. We take publication ethics very seriously. Relevant fieldwork details (approvals, licenses, permissions) should also be listed here. For studies requiring the removal of, for instance, fossil specimens, please also include details of the approvals sought to carry out extraction. Ethics is an international journal that publishes analytical studies in moral, social, political, and legal philosophy and, more generally, works from disciplines that have a normative dimension. Ethics publishes both theory and the application of theory to contemporary moral issues.